It is, arguably, the single most famous still image of the 20th century: a sailor kissing a nurse in Times Square on V-J Day in August 1945.
On the anniversary of that August 14th afternoon 67 years ago, LIFE.com presents not only Eisenstaedt’s storied photograph — and one marvelous photo of the man himself in the midst of the hoopla, at left — but pictures taken around the country by other LIFE photographers, as well, as word spread that Japan had surrendered.
These images are stunning. Not only do they showcase a few of the millions of “Rosie the Riveters” who worked in the defense industry during this time, but they do so in such brilliant quality. Kodachrome film was first sold in 1935, but it was discontinued in 2009, though its legacy through photos like these (plus iconic images like “the Afghan Girl”) still lives.
Most of the images are from Shorpy, but they were compiled here, where many other lovely images of 1940s America can be found.